In patients with gynecologic malignancies, MR imaging plays an important role in the journey from initial evaluation of the extent of the disease to appropriate treatment selection and follow-up.
In a State-of-the-Art article in the March issue of Radiology (RSNA.org/Radiology), Evis Sala, M.D., Ph.D., of the Addenbrooke Hospital and University of Cambridge, England, and colleagues highlight the added role MR imaging plays in treatment stratification and overall care of patients with endometrial, cervical or ovarian cancer. The authors specifically describe MR imaging techniques used in evaluation of these patients, including:
MR imaging findings corresponding to the 2009 revised International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics staging of gynecologic malignancies are also described in detail, highlighting possible pearls and pitfalls of staging. “Advances in MR imaging techniques, along with the growing role of the radiologist as part of a multidisciplinary treatment-planning team, have become central in tailoring treatment options and frequently lead to modifications in the therapeutic approach in patients with gynecologic malignancies,” the authors write.
While MR imaging holds promise as an alternative to evaluate acute abdominopelvic pain, current understanding of its diagnostic utility warrants continued study and increased use in the evaluation of emergency department (ED) patients with this condition.
In an article in the March-April issue of RadioGraphics (RSNA.org/RadioGraphics), Michael Lubarsky, M.D., of the Emory University School of Medicine, and colleagues discuss MR imaging of abdominopelvic pain in the ED in terms of rationale, imaging techniques, clinical applications, evolving indications and limitations. Specifically, the authors discuss:
Accurate non-radiation-based techniques would be helpful in providing alternatives to CT, especially in younger patients or in patients who require repeated imaging, according to the authors. “MR imaging can provide rapid assessment of nearly all causes of acute abdominopelvic pain, plays an evolving role in the evaluation of vascular disease and right upper quadrant pain, and may be the optimal diagnostic test for many of these disease processes,” the authors write.
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